Here’s The Pitch on Forks
When talking forks, it’s best to be clear on a few key details:
• A fork comprises two dropouts which hold the front wheel axle.
• Two blades are attached to the dropouts and join at a fork crown.
• A steerer or steering tube to which the handlebars attach (via a stem) allow the user to steer the bicycle
A bike’s handlebars are connected to a head set, which itself is connected to the steerer at the top of the bike forks. This steerer goes through the head tube (frame) and connects to the bike’s forks.
The materials from which bike forks are made varies significantly – from steel, aluminium, carbon fibre and titanium to a blend of these (as an example, a bike could have an aluminium crown, but fibre blades).
Bike forks that are made without suspension and therefore are more rigid result in a noticeable affect when it comes to the feel and handling of the bike. Mountain bike forks are not at all rigid – they normally need to have a high degree of suspension to enable the rider to handle the impact of riding over tough terrain. Such suspension forks rely on air, springs or oil in their compression chambers.